International Headache Society

Several publications have shown headache as a common symptom of COVID19, and it may be caused by different etiologies. Systemic viral infection is one possible source of headache. The ICHD3 criteria for Headache attributed to systemic viral infection are:

A. Headache of any duration fulfilling criterion C
B. Both of the following:
1. systemic viral infection has been diagnosed
2. no evidence of meningitic or encephalitic involvement
C. Evidence of causation demonstrated by at least two of the following:
1. headache has developed in temporal relation to onset of the systemic viral infection
2. headache has significantly worsened in parallel with worsening of the systemic viral infection
3. headache has significantly improved or resolved in parallel with improvement in or resolution of the systemic viral infection
4. headache has either or both of the following characteristics:
a) diffuse pain
b) moderate or severe intensity
D. Not better accounted for by another ICHD-3 diagnosis.

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